San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
171,662
3.68% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41
0.49% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
5.62%
2.24% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$149,327
7.33% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$1.18M
19.4% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA had a population of 172k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $149,327. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA declined from 178,223 to 171,662, a −3.68% decrease and its median household income grew from $139,132 to $149,327, a 7.33% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (61.8%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (17.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.66%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.52%), and White (Hispanic) (4.64%).

25.2% of the households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.1% of the residents in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was $1.18M, and the homeownership rate was 67.4%.

Most people in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA is home to a population of 172k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 20.1% of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (34.5k people).

In 2022, there were 3.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 9.71k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA are Spanish (12,030 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (4,548 households), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (2,667 households).

Citizenship

93.1%
2022 Citizenship
93.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.1% of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was 93.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    106k ± 3.93k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    29.7k ± 2.57k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    9.71k ± 1.56k
13.3%
Hispanic Population
22.9k people

In 2022, there were 3.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 9.71k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

13.3% of the people in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA are hispanic (22.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

20.1%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
34.5k people
19.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
35.5k people

As of 2022, 20.1% of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA residents (34.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was 19.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    12,030 households (7.49%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    4,548 households (2.83%)
  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    2,667 households (1.66%)

25.2% of the households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was Spanish. 7.49% of the households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,422 ± 503
  2. Vietnam
    2,361 ± 455
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,270 ± 346

San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA employs 75.3k people. The largest industries in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA are Computer Systems Design (4,020 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,866 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,405 people), and the highest paying industries are Software publishing ($470,835), Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($435,170), and Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. ($354,524).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
37,546
Women
47.1%
42,100
Men
52.9%

The workforce of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA in 2020 was 79,646 people, with 47.1% woman, and 52.9% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

75.3k
2022 Value
−3.45%
1 Year decline
± −3.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −3.45%, from 78k employees to 75.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA, are Other managers (3,537 people), Software developers (3,289 people), and Chief executives & legislators (2,148 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

75.3k
2022 Value
−3.45%
1 Year decline
± −3.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −3.45%, from 78k employees to 75.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA, are Computer Systems Design (4,020 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,866 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,405 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$101,545
Median earning men ± $4,770
$58,742
Median earning women ± $3,103

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($165,471), Manufacturing ($143,651), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($138,184).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($88,036), Public Administration ($85,813), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($83,764).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.396% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.7% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (47.7k), Graduate Degree (35.4k), and Some college (18.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was $1.18M in 2022, which is 4.2 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $991,900 to $1.18M, a 19.4% increase. The homeownership rate in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA is 67.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA is $149,327. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

Property

$1.18M
Median Property Value 2022
±$21,191
$41,442
Median Property Taxes
±$1,574

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%
Homeownership
2022
69.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 67.4% of the housing units in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$149,327
Median Household Income
± $6,550
61.5k
Number of Households
± 2,064

In 2022, the median household income of the 61.5k households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA grew to $149,327 from the previous year's value of $139,132.

The following chart displays the households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.495
2022 Wage GINI in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA
0.502
2021 Wage GINI in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA

In 2022, the income inequality in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was 0.495 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.5% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (65.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (23.6%)
  3. Carpooled (7.11%)

In 2022, 65.3% of workers in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (23.6%) and those who carpooled to work (7.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

5.62% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA (9.58k out of 170k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.6% of the population of San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 58.9% on employee plans, 7.08% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 16.8% on non-group plans, and 1.37% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.6% under 18 years, 15.6% between 18 and 34 years, 41.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.6% were men and 51.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.4%
Uninsured
58.9%
Employer Coverage
7.08%
Medicaid
12.5%
Medicare
16.8%
Non-Group
1.37%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA declined by 6.47% from 3.64% to 3.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Diego County (West)--San Diego (Northwest/San Dieguito) & Encinitas Cities PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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